carbon
carbon
Symbol: C
Atomic number: 6
Atomic weight: 12.01115
Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety of other elements.

Elements of periodic system. 2013.

  • Carbon — (), but as most compounds with multiple single bonded oxygens on a single carbon it is unstable.] Cyanide (CN–), has a similar structure, but behaves much like a halide ion (pseudohalogen). For example it can form the nitride cyanogen molecule… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbon — Car bon (k[aum]r b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.) 1. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbon — CARBÓN s.n. Element chimic, metaloid foarte răspândit în natură, component de bază al tuturor substanţelor organice, care se găseşte în cărbuni, în petrol, în gaze etc., iar în stare elementară în diamant, în grafit şi în cărbunele negru. ♢… …   Dicționar Român

  • Carbon — steht für: Kohlenstoff, chemisches Element Karbon, Erdzeitalter, die fünfte geochronologische Periode des Paläozoikums von vor etwa 359,2 Millionen Jahren bis vor etwa 299 Millionen Jahren Kohlenstofffaserverstärkter Kunststoff Carbon (Apple),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carbon — UK US /ˈkɑːbən/ noun ► [U] NATURAL RESOURCES a chemical element (= simple chemical substance), which exists in all plants and animals, and is an important part of coal and oil. When carbon is burned it produces carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide …   Financial and business terms

  • carbón — (Del lat. carbo, ōnis). 1. m. Materia sólida, ligera, negra y muy combustible, que resulta de la destilación o de la combustión incompleta de la leña o de otros cuerpos orgánicos. 2. carbón de piedra. 3. Brasa o ascua después de apagada. 4.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • carbon — [kär′bən] n. [Fr carbone < L carbo (gen. carbonis), coal < IE base * ker , to burn > HEARTH] 1. a nonmetallic chemical element found in many inorganic compounds and all organic compounds: diamond and graphite are pure carbon; carbon is… …   English World dictionary

  • Carbon — Carbon, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 334 Housing Units (2000): 136 Land area (2000): 0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • carbon — non metallic element, 1789, coined 1787 in French by Lavoisier as charbone, from L. carbo (gen. carbonis) glowing coal, charcoal, from PIE root *ker heat, fire, to burn (Cf. L. cremare to burn; Skt. krsna black, burnt, kudayati singes; Lith.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • carbón — sustantivo masculino 1. Combustible sólido y negro que se obtiene por destilación o combustión incompleta de diferentes fuentes como huesos o leña y arde con facilidad. carbón animal. carbón vegetal o carbón de leña. 2. Combustible mineral fósil… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • carbón — carbón, se acabó el carbón expr. acabado, concluido. ❙ «A éstos se les acabó el carbón.» Francisco Nieva, La carroza de plomo candente, 1976, RAE CREA. ❙ «Pues ya me he hartado. Se acabó el carbón.» Ramón Ayerra, La lucha inútil, 1984, RAE CREA.… …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"